金門史地淵源(The Histories and Geographic Developmentso of Kinmen)
The ancient names for Kinmen include WuZhou, XienZhou, WuJiang etc. In the Ming dynasty, established a thousand-of-households and formed the township in Kinmen. This place earned its name-Kinmen because it is “mpregnable, safe and stable as a strong fortified city also its geographical location could guard as the gate of navigating routes.”
Kinmen Island locates in East longitude 118.24 degree and North latitude 24.27 degree. It is next to the junction of JiuLong River and Xiamen Island of Mainland China. Besides the major island, there are still LieYu, DaDan and other 15 islands. The total area is 150 square Kilometers. Kinmen Island is wider in east and west sides whilst narrow in the center, and shapes like a ingot.
戰地風光(Scenery of Battles Zone)
During the combat readiness period, Kinmen’s infrastructure was built in the cooperation both of local residents and soldiers. Including parks, reservoirs, housings and roads, all the facilites the facilities characteristic of battles zone were accomplished. These facilities therefore become precious tourism resources today. Sunset glow in front of the JuGuang Building, beautiful sunset scenery of GiTi(Ci Dike), early mist in ZhongZheng Park, dense and green shadows of banyan trees in RongYuan, magnificent views of undergriund dedense facility, solemn and respectful coastline defense and camouflage facilites, all the above have become monuments for the Cold War and historical sites worth seeing for visitors.
閩南文化(Culture of Southern Min Province)
The Kinmen’s traditional housing is generally called “Kinmen Ancient House”. These ancient houses mostly retained the southen Fujian architecture in the Zhangzhou and Quanzhou styles and are characteristic of swallowtail and horseback ridges.
Long-term political chaos and civil wars in the past had consumed most of the woods in the island. In the autumn and winter, strong northeast monsoons always lead to severe damage, lay farm fields waste, ruin buildings and nake this island inhospitable. Therefore people in Kinmen invoked the protection of God of Wind-Lion in order to ward off the “evil spirits” Different styles of the God of Wind-Lion, located in the periphery of the village, are treated as “gurds of Kinmen folklors”
Ancestors, shrines, also named “Zu-Cuo” or “Ci-Tang” are places for Kinmen folks to worship the memorial tablets on which inscribed ancestors nams. There definitely will be more than one family shrine in any kinmen traditional communities.
Temples in Kinmen ar mostly called as “Gong” or “Gong-Miap”. In Kinmen, most of the people believe in “Buddhism” which combines Shi, Ru(Confucianism) and Dao (Taoism). Except for new one, most communities have at least one temple and have their own routine religious activities. Among these religious activities, “Welcoming the Justice in Hades” dated on April 12th in lunar calendar. Also the Birthday of Goddess MaZhu dated on March 23rd is the main worship activities for fishermen communities.
Kinmen located in the southeastern coast of Mainland China, and is almost the only route must be passed by migrant birds. In recent years, when civil war across-straits appeased, plenty of foods, such as wheat in spring, sorghum in autumn, fishes, shrimps, and mussels along the coastline, have made Kinmen a paradise for various kinds of migrabt birds.